Awataguchi ōmi no kami Tadatsuna

粟田口近江守忠綱

2nd generation smith . His real name is Asai Mandayu 浅井万太夫 who was the first son of 1st generation Tadatsuna

Katana かたな

Double Horimono 二倍彫刻

 

Katana blade measures:

Nagasa: 69,1 cm. 
Sori: 0.9 cm.
Moto-haba: 3.05 cm. 
Saki-haba: 2.15 cm.
Moto-gasane: 0.7 cm. 
Saki-gasane: 0.5 cm.

Nakago hole :Two

Mei: Awataguchi ōmi no kami Tadatsuna

Age: Edo period 江戸時代

 

Polishing and condition:

Quite recent polishing work of a Togishi master, Perfect edge. It shows some points and lines of the forging that the successive polishing over the years have left exposed. The Horimono show wear on the part closest to the Kissaki (something common in old blades) and signs of previous polishing. The blade remains strong and solid showing all its original forms.

 

Habaki 鎺: Sterling Silver and Gold

Composed of four pieces forming two parts covered of pure Gold and Sterling Silver (internal ring copper). Very old possibly from the Honoki wood Shirasaya time. Habaki completely restored by a expert master goldsmith craftsman now is in very excellent condition.

 

Shirasaya (白鞘) white sheath:

Composed of Honoki wood (Hinoki 檜 Japanese Cypress) pieces assembled. A quality traditional Japanese craftsmanship. Due to the signs of aging and natural drying of the wood in adition its satin product of time more details show that this work may be from the time of the blade, but it is not totally certainmost likely it is later, as usual, in any case it is an old piece. With external signs of use without any damage worth mentioning, its general conservation condition is good.

 

Bukuro 袋 :

Bukuro also called Fukuro: Katana bag traditionally made with dyed fabric silk lined inside with natural raw cotton.

 

AWATAGUCHI ÔMI NO KAMI TADATSUNA 粟田口近江守忠綱
This Katana blade according to expert consultations was forged by the second-gen Awataguchi ōmi no kami Tadatsuna (粟田口近江守忠綱) in the early Edo period based on the characteristic of the Nakago signature 署名 (Mei).
The second-gen Tadatsuna is one of Osaka’s most skilled and popular swordsmiths in the early Edo period, following Tsuda Sukehiro and Inoue Shinkai. These three sword makers are called Sanketsu of Osaka Shinto.
The second-gen Tadatsuna’s real name is Asai Mandayu. The swordsmith’s name Tadatsuna lasted three generations, and the second-gen is said to have been the most famous and skilled one. And he was not only excellent at forging swords with different kinds of Hamon 波紋 (tempering lines).
The second-gen Tadatsuna was born in 1644 as the first son of the first-gen Tadatsuna, who called himself the descendant of Awataguchi Kunitsuna, a famous swordsmith in the early Kamakura period.


THE TADATSUNA SCHOOL 忠綱系
Asai ōmi no Kami Tadatsuna (浅井近江守忠綱) moved from Himeji in Harima province to Osaka around 1648.  He then became one of the prominent smiths of what we call the Osaka Shinto tradition.  He professed to be a descendant of Awataguchi Kunitsuna (粟田口國綱), but this has not been proven.  He taught many disciples, the foremost of which was his son the nidai Tadatsuna (忠綱) who many feel surpassed his father in skill.  The first generation Tadatsuna (忠綱) is sometimes called Oya Tadatsuna (親忠綱) as a way to differentiate him from the nidai who is called Ikkanshi Tadatsuna (一竿子忠綱).
Tadatsuna (忠綱) had many students in his kei including Munetsuna (宗綱), Tadamitsu (忠光), Masatsuna (正綱), Tadayuki (忠行), Nagatsuna (長綱), Kanetsuna (包綱), HIrotsuna (広綱), Yoshitsuna (吉綱), and many others.  Of these, the most well known are Nagatsuna (長綱) and Tadayuki (忠行).  Nagatsuna (長綱) was also known as Tsunbo Nagatsuna (聾長綱), meaning deaf Nagatsuna (長綱).  Tadayuki (忠行) is known to have been the younger brother of the first generation Tadatsuna (忠綱).

 

 

Ref.: Katana 110

 

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